50% Fazenda Vale De Sol (Natural) Brazil
ALTITUDE – 860 – 950 MASL
PREPARATION – NATURAL
LOCATION – SUL DE MINAS, THE CERRADO, MINAS GERAIS
VARIETY – YELLOW CATUAI & YELLOW CATUCAI
OWNER – THE GARCIA FAMILY
HARVEST – JULY – SEPTEMBER
SHIPMENT – AUGUST – FEBRUARY
Located in the mountainous region of Sul De Minas, Fazenda Vale Do Sol is perfectly situated to grow coffee in Brazil. The small 75 hectare farm has been in the Garcia Family since 2008. The Family has a history of three generations of coffee producers initially beginning with Alexandre Garcia Capelo who inspired his son Antonio Wander Garcia to follow in his footsteps and farm coffee studying Agricultural engineering and specifically researching plant reproduction and plant nutrition. This family tradition has followed onto Antonio’s son, André Luiz Alvarenga Garcia who also studied agricultural engineering like his father with particular focus on pruning and production. With this knowledge they now work together on the Fazenda Vale Do Sol with detailed care and attention to create the best growing environment for the coffee trees. They have implemented the use of more organic fertilisers as well as reducing the amount of agrochemicals they use on the crop. Since taking over the farm they have implemented the planting of native fruit trees each year as well as bracharia (a type of grass) and banana plants in between the rows of coffee plants to help maintain the health of the soils and prevent erosion. The farm also uses the practise of cyclical pruning on a 2 or 4 year rotation depending on the climate and the structural condition of the plant. This helps to strengthen the plant and reduces its susceptibility to disease.
Prior to the Garica Family becoming owners at Fazenda Vale Do Sol, four brothers and their families lived on the farm. It was important to the Garcia Family to look after and these families and respect the history of the farm. The four brothers all work on the day to day running of the farm and their wives are also employed during the harvest to help with the volume of work. Each year the families will also receive a bonus at the end of the harvest once the coffee is sold. As part of their commitment to the families and improving the social conditions on the farm, the workers houses were rebuilt 2009 & 2010 to provide better living conditions. The children living on the farm also receive transportation each day to help them to and from their local school.
During Harvest the coffee is manually collected when the cherry reaches maturation, this carries on until a point is reached where the majority of cherries reach a point before they become over mature. After this a mechanical harvester is used to strip pick the coffee to ensure a maximum yield. Once picked, the coffee is then laid out on patio’s and turned every hour until 50% moisture is reached. The coffee is then collected in thicker piles to allow it to dry down to 11.5%. The process can last up to 21 days and once dried, it is then stored in wooden hoppers for 20 days to rest and equalise before being hulled and bagged ready for shipment.
50% Inza Cauca (Columbia)
Farm: Inza Cauca Small farms
Varietal: Caturra, Colombia, Castillo
Processing: Fully washed
Altitude: 1,500 to 2,000 metres above sea level
Owner: 450+ in total; 52 small farmers of the Asociación de Productores de Café del Oriente Caucano (ASORCAFE)
Town / City: Inzá – Cauca
Region: Pedregal and San Antonio
Smallholders of ASORCAFE (Inzá, Cauca) – Colombia
The municipality of Inzá is located in the corner of the Department of Cauca, bordering with Tolima and Huila and looking out to the west over the Pacific Ocean. Situated on the “Macizo Colombiano” (the Colombian Plateau), which surrounds the high peaks of Tolima and Huila, the region is an important source of water and wildlife, in addition to being prime coffee growing land.
This coffee was produced by 52 smallholder coffee producers from the region, all of whom are members of the organization ASORCAFE (Asociación de Productores de Café del Oriente Caucano). ASOCAFE represents, in total, some 450 producers from across the Department. This specific lot, however, has been selected only from growers hailing from the neighbouring sub-municipalities of Pedregal (70%) and San Antonio (30%). Every single microlot delivered was cupped and reserved due to its scoring 85 points or above by the Association’s cupping lab in Pedregal. These stringent standards result in very limited quantities of this exceptional blend of 70%+ Caturra and approx 30% Variedad Colombia being made available for export.
The association of coffee growers, ASORCAFE, was founded in 2004 by 10 coffee growers with an entrepreneurial spirit who were tired of private parchment buyers who were paying them below national prices. The region’s violent past, with a heavy presence of FARC guerrillas, had historically prevented the FNC (Colombia’s excellent national coffee board) and specialty-focused exporters from establishing a presence in the region. As violence has diminished, it has enabled the growers in the region to seek increased access to markets for quality, not only taking advantage of the region’s wonderful coffee-growing conditions but also the economic resource that nearby tourist destinations bring (for instance, the World Heritage Site “Parque Nacional Arqueológico de Tierradentro”).